Man Plus: A Brief History

Man Plus is a science fiction novel written by Frederik Pohl, an American author known for his captivating storytelling and imaginative ideas. Published in 1976, this thought-provoking book takes readers on a journey to a future where mankind seeks to enhance the capabilities of the human body.

The Story

In Man Plus, the narrative revolves around a protagonist named Roger Torraway, a highly accomplished astronaut chosen to undergo an extraordinary experiment. As human colonization of Mars becomes an imminent reality, scientists devise a plan to transform Torraway into a cyborg, a man-machine hybrid better suited for the harsh Martian environment.

Torraway, driven by a deep sense of duty and adventure, agrees to the experiment and undergoes extensive modifications to his body. As the procedure progresses, he is physically and psychologically transformed into a being that is part man, part machine.

The novel explores the ethical implications and consequences of such radical human augmentation. As Torraway’s transformation nears completion, he battles internal conflicts and grapples with his identity as he struggles to determine whether he is still truly human.

Awards, Critiques, and Praise

Man Plus received critical acclaim upon its release and cemented Frederik Pohl’s reputation as a prominent voice in the science fiction genre. The book was awarded the prestigious Nebula Award for Best Novel in 1976 and also received a nomination for the Hugo Award.

Reviews of Man Plus praised Pohl’s ability to delve into complex themes surrounding technology, identity, and the human condition. The novel’s exploration of the moral implications of human augmentation resonated with readers and sparked contemplation about the potential consequences of pushing the boundaries of science and technology.

Notable Characters

1. Roger Torraway: The main protagonist and astronaut chosen for the experimental transformation into a cyborg.

2. Dr. Marsden: The lead scientist overseeing the Man Plus project, responsible for transforming Torraway.

3. Anne Esterhazy: Torraway’s wife, who struggles to come to terms with her husband’s transformation and the implications it has on their relationship.

4. Colonel Easterbrook: A military official involved in the project, working closely with the scientists.

5. General Heinz: A higher-ranking military officer overseeing the Man Plus project and its progress.


In summary, Man Plus is a gripping and thought-provoking science fiction novel that delves into the ethical implications of human augmentation. Frederik Pohl’s masterful storytelling and exploration of complex themes have garnered critical acclaim and awards. The characters and their struggles throughout the narrative add depth and poignancy to the story. As readers delve into the pages of Man Plus, they are taken on a captivating journey questioning the very essence of what it means to be human.

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